Direct Inspection and Phaneroscopic Analysis

Peirce restricts the sort of analysis involved in phaneroscopy to logical analysis and to analysis by direct inspection.  Although much has been written on the former sort of analysis, scholars have yet to examine what analysis by direct inspection is.  Drawing 1905’s “Pragmatism” and an unexamined entry in 1908 to his logic notebook, I argue that Peirce recognized four kinds of inspective analysis: organic; attentional; comparational; and experimental.  Peirce regards attentional analysis as direct.  By limiting phaneroscopic analysis to analysis by direct inspection, Peirce resolves a significant problem with his categories, viz. that Firstness is characterized as being what it is regardless of ought else and yet Firsts like colors can be analyzed into their hue, chroma, and luminosity much as sounds can be analyzed into pitch, timbre, loudness, etc.